SOLOMON, family of Australian pioneers and statesmen. EMMANUEL SOLOMON (1800–1873) was born in London and transported to Sydney as a convict in 1818 for housebreaking. After being pardoned, he went into business as a merchant in Sydney with his brother and settled in Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, in 1838, two years after it was founded. He was a general merchant and auctioneer and in 1840 opened the city's first theater. Well known for his philanthropic gifts, Solomon helped finance the building of large apartment blocks for the colonists to replace the primitive homes of the early settlers. He served in the South Australian parliament in 1862–65 and 1867–71. His nephew, JUDAH MOSS SOLOMON (1818–1880), who was born in London and arrived in Sydney in 1831, became Emmanuel Solomon's partner in business in Adelaide. Judah Moss Solomon played an active part in municipal affairs. He was elected to the town council in 1852 and in 1869–71 served as mayor. From 1858 to 1874 he represented Adelaide in the South Australian Parliament and played an important part in introducing a public health act. When a small Jewish community was established in 1848, Judah Moss Solomon was elected first president of the congregation. Judah Moss Solomon had two sons. The elder, BENJAMIN SOLOMON (1844–1922), was appointed chief censor of Australia on the outbreak of World War I. His brother, VABIAN LOUIS SOLOMON (1853–1908), born in Adelaide, settled in Darwin in the Northern Territory in 1874 and worked as a merchant and shipping agent. He founded the Northern Territory Times, the first newspaper in the region, and became mayor of Darwin. Vabian Solomon was prominent in the development of the mining and pearl-fishing industries and on his return to Adelaide became the representative of the Northern Territory in the South Australian Parliament, serving from 1890 to 1901. An expert on financial matters, he was an important political figure in South Australian politics and was premier for a short time in 1899, the first Jew to become premier of an Australian colony or state. Vabian Solomon represented South Australia at the convention which framed the federal Australian constitution. In deference to his religious beliefs, the convention did not meet on Saturdays. He was elected to the first federal Parliament in 1901 and served for two years. In 1905 he was again elected and remained in Parliament until his death. His daughter Esther was the first woman elected to the Adelaide City Council. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Munz, Jews in South Australia (18361936) (1936). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ADB, 6, 163–64; 12, 11–12; H.L. Rubinstein, Australia I, 394–96; E. Richards, "The Fall and Rise of the Brothers Solomon," in: AJHSJ, 8:2 (1975), 1–28. (Isidor Solomon)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SOLOMON — (Heb. שְׁלֹמֹה; tenth century B.C.E.), son of david , king of Israel. Born of Bath Sheba, Solomon was so named by David (II Sam. 12:24; according to the keri, Targ. Jon., and according to the Pesh., by his mother), while Nathan called him… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — • The second son of David by his wife Bathsheba, and the acknowledged favourite of his father Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Solomon     Solomon      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SOLOMON — SOLOMON, family of English origin which won distinction in St. Helena and South Africa. The founder was NATHANIEL SOLOMON (1735–1800), a merchant with interests in the East India trade, who married Phoebe Mitz (or De Mitz) of Leiden in 1774, when …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Cutner, bekannt unter seinem Künstlernamen Solomon, CBE (* 9. August 1902 in London; † 2. Februar 1988 ebenda) war ein britischer Pianist. Solomon war nie einer der Großen in der Pianistenszene und geriet schon zu Lebzeiten in Vergessenheit, weil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOLOMON — 1902 1988 De son vrai nom Solomon Cutner, ce pianiste anglais verra sa carrière prématurément interrompue par la maladie. Il voit le jour à Londres le 9 août 1902 et commence très tôt l’étude du piano à la Royal Academy of Music, avec Mathilde… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SOLOMON — (né Solomon Cutner; 1902–1988), British pianist. Solomon was born in London and made his first public appearance at the Queen s Hall at the age of eight. Up to the age of 16 he continued to give concerts, after which he studied in London and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Sol o*mon, n. One of the kings of Israel, noted for his superior wisdom and magnificent reign; hence, a very wise man. {Sol o*mon ic}, a. [1913 Webster] {Solomon s seal} (Bot.), a perennial liliaceous plant of the genus {Polygonatum}, having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solomon — Solomon, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon — masc. proper name, Biblical name of David s son, king of Judah and Israel and wisest of all men, from Gk. Solomon, from Heb. Sh lomoh, from shelomo peaceful, from shalom peace. The Arabic form is Suleiman. The common medieval form was Salomon… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”